SPIRITUAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP DI PESANTREN ENTREPRENEUR AL-MAWADDAH KUDUS

  • M. Sofyan Alnashr Institut Pesantren Mathali’ul Falah Pati
  • Muhammad Labib Pusat Fisi IPMAFA
Keywords: Spiritual Entrepreneruship, Pesantren, Entrepreneur.

Abstract

This study aims to map spiritual values ​​that encourage Pesantren Entrepreneur Al-Mawaddah to conduct entrepreneurship movements and their application in real action. This research is a field research with qualitative-descriptive method which took place at the Pesantren Entrepreneur Al-Mawaddah, Honggosoco Village, Jekulo, Kudus. As a method of searching data, interview, observation and documentation techniques have been carried out. Then, in the analysis phase has been used Miles and Huberman analysis techniques with 4 stages of analysis ; collecting data, data reduction, data display, verification and drawing conclusions. The results of this study have mapped Core Values ​​Ahli Sorga (which contains 9 values) as a spiritual value that encourages Pesantren Al-Mawaddah to develop entrepreneurship. This value is the result of reflection and internalization of the gusjigang ideology inherited from Sunan Kudus. These spiritual values ​​have been implemented by pesantren in the form of: (1) pesantren which are honest and trustworthy in carrying out various business fields and safeguarding the products of the community, (2) charity activities in the form of mass circumcision and orphanage, sewing skills training and make snacks, agricultural technology training, (3) balance in carrying out ibadatullah (compulsory worship, recitation of kitab kuning) and imarathul ardh in the form of entrepreneurship development, (4) formulation of vision and action conducted by founders and caregivers from a young age, encouraging santri to have similar visions and missions. (5) making Core Values Ahli Sorga ​​as an autosuggestion in santri to have the spirit of entrepreneurship.

References

Antoni. 2014, Muslim Entrepreneurship: Membangun Muslimpreneurs Characteristics Dengan Pendekatan Knowladge Based Economy, Jurnal El-Hikam, Vol. VII, No. 23.
Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS), Statistik Tenaga Kerja Indonesia 2017, https://www.bps.go.id/subject/6/tenaga-kerja.html, diakses pada tanggal 6 September 2018, pukul 11.36 WIB.
Baroroh, Umdah El & Tutik Nurul Janah. 2014, Fiqh Sosial: Masa Depan Fiqh Indonesia, Pati: IPMAFA Press.
Bula, Hannah Orwa. 2012, Evolution and Theories of Entrepreneurship: A Critical Review on the Kenyan Perspective, International Journal of Business and Commerce, Vol. 1, No.11.
Burhan, Bungin. 2007, Analisis Data Penelitian Kualitatif, Rajawali Pers, Jakarta.
Emzir. 2010, Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif: Analisis Data, Jakarta : Rajawali Pers.
Hadi, Sofiyan, Wawancara Pribadi, Pendiri dan Pengasuh Pesantren Entrepreneur Al-Mawaddah Kudus, Tanggal 10 April 2018, pukul 09.00 WIB.
Hariadi. 2015, Evolusi Pesantren, Yogyakarta: LkiS.
Jalil, Abdul. 2014, Spiritual Entrepreneurship: Transformasi Spiritualitas Kewirausahaan, Yogyakarta: LKiS,.
Kast, Fremont E. & Rosenzweig, James E., Hasyim Ali (Penerjemah). 1990, Organisasi & Manajemen, Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.
Khadijah. 2014, Titik Temu Transpersonal Psychology dan Tasawuf, Teosofi: Jurnal Tasawuf dan Pemikiran Islam, Vol. 4, No. 2.
Kuswana, Dadang. 2011, Metode Penelitian Sosial, Bandung: Pustaka Setia.
Mahfudh, MA. Sahal . 1999, Pesantren Mencari Makna, Jakarta: Fatma Press.
Marlo, Abu. 2013, Entrepreneurship Hukum Langit, Jakarta: Gramedia Pustaka Utama.
Muharromiyati & Suyahmo. 2016, Pewarisan Nilai Falsafah Budaya Lokal Gusjigang sebagai Modal Sosial di Pesantren Entrepreneur Al-Mawaddah Kudus, Journal of Educational Social Studies, Vol. 5, No. 2.
Praptapa, Agung. 2009, The Art of Controlling People: Strategi Mengendalikan Perusahaan, Jakarta: Gramedia.
Prastiwi, Yudhiana. 2017, Skripsi: Islamic Spiritual Entrepreneurship Pedagang Pasar Cemani Sukoharjo, Surakarta: IAIN Surakarta.
Sa’diyah, Nur Chalimatus, Wawancara Pribadi, Pengurus Departemen Kewirausahaan, 17 April 2018, pukul 12.00 WIB.
Sabardi, Agus, dkk. 2004, Meraih Tujuan dengan Manajemen, Yogyakarta: STIE YKPN.
Said, Nur, Wawancara Pribadi, salah satu ustaz pengampu pengajian kitab di Pesantren Entrepreneur Al-Mawaddah Kudus, pada 17 April 2018, pukul 13.00 WIB.
Sugiyono. 2008, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D, Bandung, Alfabeta.
Suryana. 2013, Kewirausahaan: Kiat dan Proses Menuju Sukses, Jakarta: Salemba Empat.
Wahid, Abdurrahman. 2010, Menggerakkan Tradisi, Yogyakarta: LKiS.
Wahidiyyah, Anis Khoirun Nisa, Wawancara Pribadi, pada Tanggal 17 April 2018, pukul 13.00 WIB
Wahyudin, Uyu. 2012, Pelatihan Entrepreneurship Berlatar Ekokultural untuk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Miskin Pedesaan, Jurnal MIMBAR, vol. XXVIII, No. 1.
Yulianto, Agus, “Pertumbuhan Pesantren di Indonesia Dinilai Menakjubkan”, https://www.republika.co.id/berita/dunia-islam/islam-nusantara/17/11/30/p088lk396-pertumbuhan-pesantren-di-indonesia-dinilai-menakjubkan. Telah diakses pada tanggal 5 September 2018, pukul 13.17 WIB.
Zahar, Erlina. 2017, Pendidikan Entrepreneurship Guna Mempersiapkan Mahasiswa dalam Menghadapi Persaingan Masyarakat Ekonomi Asean (MEA), Jurnal Ilmiah DIKDAYA, Vol. 7, No.2.
Published
2019-04-30